Live Diabetes Free Life through Ayurveda
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when blood glucose level is too high.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that converts glucose and starch from blood into energy needed to fuel everyday activity.
Diabetes occurs when –
Pancreas does not make or release enough insulin
The body’s cells are resistant to insulin
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes mellitus
Pancreas produces no insulin (Insulin deficiency)
The body’s immune system destroys its own insulin producing cells in pancreas.
Reasons: genetic factor, viral infection or defect in immune system
External Insulin is required to reduce blood glucose level.
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus
Pancreas does not produce enough insulin (Insulin insufficiency)
Body’s cells are not able to use insulin correctly and efficiently (Insulin resistance)
Management: losing weight, physical activity, effective meal planning and medication
Diabetes in Ayurveda
The word diabetes was first recorded in 1425. Diabetes means “excessive urine”. Mellitus means “like honey”.
In Ayurveda, it is reflected as Madhumeha and it means “Honey like urine”.
Madhumeha is one of 20 types of Prameha and is advanced prameha.
Uniqueness of Ayurveda in treatment of Diabetes
The cause of diabetes, is of two types: Diet related and lifestyle related.
The treatment of diabetes as per Ayurveda differs from individual.
For obese person “Shodhana karma” is very beneficial and for non obese person”Samshamana Karma” is beneficial.
Along with above said treatments particular yogasana and following of strict diet is more helpful in the treatment of diabetes which gives good results and can lead the life without medicines.
Limitations of conventional medicine in diabetes:
In conventional medicine treatment, progressive insulin resistance and beta cells failure cannot be stopped.
Drug dose goes on increasing as treatment goes on.
Multiple drugs are needed for treating associated conditions like HTN, dyslipidaemia, etc…
Complications like neuropathy, retinopathy cannot be prevented.
Side effects – weight gain, hypoglycemia, fluid retention, osteoporosis, GI upset can be seen.
Ayurvedic care for prevention and control of diabetes:
Screening is done with Madhumeha Assessment Tool (MAT)
If a person is found to be in high risk group on MAT, should undergo
Periodic biochemical examination – FBS, PPBS, S. Cholesterol and Triglycerides
Lifestyle intervention – diet, exercise and Ayurvedic medication
Panchakarma – after proper assessment.
Diagnosis of diabetes:
Diabetes can be diagnosed in 3 ways:
Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) – Normal range is less than 5.7%
Fasting plasma glucose (FBS) – Normal range is 60 to 100 mg / dL
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) – Normal range is 80 to 140 mg / dL
Targets to control diabetes
Targets of control in the management of DM
FBS: 80 to 120 mg/dL
PPBS: Less than 160 mg/dL
HbA1C: Less than 7%
After 40 years, blood sugar should be checked regularly.
If a person is overweight, the blood sugar level should be checked even before the age of 40 years.